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AI December 24, 2022

China to Introduce Laws to Tackle Deepfakes in January

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China to Introduce Laws to Tackle Deepfakes in January

China is set to introduce new laws in January that will tackle deepfakes as well as stop the spread of fabricated media.

Also read: Under Fire FBI Recommends Installing Ad Blockers

The country’s cyberspace regulator – Cyberspace Administrator of China (CAC) says the rules will take effect Jan. 10, next year.

The move, according to the CAC seeks to curb the risks that may arise from use of virtual reality to alter images and videos online as well as promote the industry’s healthy development.

Deepfakes are altered photos, videos and still images that use Artificial Intelligence (AI) to appear real.

They are hard to detect although Facebook researchers say they have developed AI that can identify them and their origin from using reverse engineering.

Intel’s FakeCatcher is another technology developed to detect deepfakes with a 96% accuracy rate.

China and its anti deepfakes law

Among the key provisions of the regulation are that users must consent if their image is to be used in any deep synthesis technology and prohibits deep synthesis services from using technology to disseminate fake news.

The regulation also stipulates that deepfake services need to authenticate the real identity of users.

Additionally, synthetic content must have a notification of some kind to inform users that the image of video has been altered with technology.

According to the new regulation, content that goes against laws prohibited, as content that endangers national security and interests, damages the national image or disrupts the economy.

China to Introduce Laws to Tackle Deepfakes in January

Real or fake?

Move to restrict online content

Experts say the move may be aimed at gagging online content creators who may be against the government or pose national security risks.

“Chinese authorities are clearly eager to crackdown on the ability of anti-regime elements to use deepfakes of senior leaders, including Xi Jinping, to spread anti-regime statement,” Paul Triolo, the technology policy lead at consulting firm Albright Stonebridge, told CNBC.

The CAC has since 2020 come up with various regulations ahead of other countries in their tech rules ranging from antitrust to data protection.

“But the rules also illustrate that Chinese authorities are attempting to tackle tough online content issues in ways few other countries are doing, seeking to get ahead of the curve as new technologies such as AI-generated content start to proliferate online,” adds Triolo.

Worrisome deepfake trend

There are concerns deepfake production will become more sophisticated in the future with advancements in technology across the globe. This will pose a threat to the public as they may be used by malicious individuals for misinformation especially during election period.

Former United States Presidents Barack Obama and Donald Trump have been used in altered videos to spread misinformation.

The state of California last year introduced laws that prohibit creation and distribution of deepfakes of politicians within 60 days of an election.

However, deepfake software is also used for entertainment purposes in the movie industry which is why it may be difficult to outlaw its creation.

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Image credits: Shutterstock, CC images, Midjourney.

AI

Microsoft Warns Employees Not to Share Sensitive Data with ChatGPT

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Microsoft Warns Employees Not to Share Sensitive Data with ChatGPT

Microsoft has warned its employees not to share sensitive data with an artificially intelligent (AI) chatbot, ChatGPT from OpenAI. Employees of American multinational tech giants had asked in an internal forum whether ChatGPT or any other AI tools from OpenAI were appropriate to use at their work, Business Insider reported.

Also read: 30% of College Students Use ChatGPT

In response to that inquiry, a senior engineer from Microsoft’s CTO office allowed to use ChatGPT but couldn’t share confidential information with the AI chatbot.

“Please don’t send sensitive data to an OpenAI endpoint, as they may use it for training future models,” the senior engineer wrote in an internal post, per Insider.

ChatGPT, here only for two months, is already raising concerns in the academic sector. Microsoft has become a partner of OpenAI, the parent company of ChatGPT, and has confirmed an investment of ten billion dollars.

Microsoft is planning to integrate OpenAI’s technology into its products, including the Bing search engine and other software, to enhance their capabilities, as reported previously.

The major concern of Microsoft regarding “sensitive information” may include sharing internal software code and seeking checks and advice from the chatbot.

Amazon’s Same Concern

ChatGPT has continuously made headlines since its launch last November but has also faced bans, especially in the academic sector as it became the cheating partner for students’ schoolwork. Recently, the tech giants have also raised their concerns over its use.

Amazon warned its employees to beware of ChatGPT last week, as reported by Insider. Insider claims that an Amazon lawyer has urged employees not to share code with ChatGPT via an internal communication form.

“This is important because your inputs may be used as training data for a further iteration of ChatGPT, and we wouldn’t want its output to include or resemble our confidential information (and I’ve already seen instances where its output closely matches existing material),” the lawyer wrote.

The lawyer placed more emphasis on requesting that employees not share “any Amazon confidential information” (including Amazon code they are working on) with ChatGPT via Slack.

Personal Data Concern

As concerns about data privacy grow among large corporations, an OpenAI representative has directed questions about the company’s data and privacy policy to ChatGPT’s FAQ page. The terms of service of OpenAI grant the company the right to use all input and output generated by ChatGPT users, with the stipulation that personally identifiable information (PII) is removed from the used data.

However, it’s quite impossible for OpenAI to identify and remove all the personal information from the data provided to ChatGPT, says Emily Bender, who teaches computational linguistics at the University of Washington.

“OpenAI is far from transparent about how they use the data, but if it’s being folded into training data, I would expect corporations to wonder: After a few months of widespread use of ChatGPT, will it become possible to extract private corporate information with cleverly crafted prompts?” said Bender.

Vincent Conitzer, a computer science professor and director of an AI lab at Carnegie Mellon University, said, “All of us together are going to have to figure out what should be expected of everyone in these situations. Is the responsibility on employees to not share sensitive information, or is the responsibility on OpenAI to use information carefully, or some combination?”

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Gmail Creator Says AI Will Replace Search Engines Like Google in 2 Years

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Gmail Creator Says AI Will Replace Search Engines Like Google in 2 Years

Paul Buchheit, the creator of Gmail, said artificial intelligence (AI) will replace search engines such as Google in two years.

“My prediction is that AI (not necessarily ChatGPT) will replace search, maybe within the next two years (current AI not yet good enough),” Buchheit tweeted on Feb. 1.

Google facing ‘total disruption’

The software engineer said this as a form of clarification on an earlier statement he made regarding ChatGPT, the widely popular OpenAI bot. He believes that his comments were taken out of context and “sensationalized” by the media.

Also read: AI Could Kill Everyone, Researchers Warn MPs

However, the argument remains fundamentally the same in that Paul Buchheit’s prediction will still impact his former employer. Google is already reacting to the threat with plans to release 20 new AI related products to improve search this year, according to reports.

In his original comments from early December, Buchheit stated: “Google may be only a year or two away from total disruption. AI will eliminate the search engine result page, which is where they make most of their money,” he wrote on Twitter.

“Even if they catch up on AI, they can’t fully deploy it without destroying the most valuable part of their business.”

Google gets much of its revenue from search through online advertisements. The tech giant, which dominates the search business, charges advertisers a fee for ad placements that sit next to the search results. This improves the chances of ads being seen by consumers.

In 2021, Google reported revenues rose 41% to $258 billion from a year ago, its biggest to date. Ads made up 81% of total revenues that year. However, Google is grappling with a slowdown in online ad spending amid mounting antitrust lawsuits.

According to market research firm Insider Intelligence, the company’s share of total online advertising income in the U.S. fell from 37% in 2016 to 29% in 2022. Alphabet-owned Google controls up to 90% of the search business’ total market share.

Killing Web search ChatGPT way

Culture is now a sanctuary in this posthuman future. But the upcoming dominance of AI in search has even the most cultured corporate organizations in panic, and none more so than Google. OpenAI’s buzzy chatbot ChatGPT has been all the rage since its launch in November.

It can write complex essays, poetry, code and even pass MBA exams at the Wharton School of Business. OpenAI has also received a reported $10 billion cash boost from Microsoft, which is looking to add the chatbot’s abilities into its own search engine.

ChatGPT is shaking things up. It has spawned an AI arms race of sorts in Sillicon Valley. As Paul Buchheit said, tech like AI can remove the need for search engine result pages. He elaborates on how search businesses like Google could become useless, in exactly the same way that the company “killed” pre-internet business The Yellow Pages.

“The way I imagine this happening is that the URL/Search bar of the browser gets replaced with AI that autocompletes my thought/question as I type it while also providing the best answer (which may be a link to a website or product),” he explained.

“The old search engine backend will be used by the AI to gather relevant information and links, which will then be summarized for the user. It’s like asking a professional human researcher to do the work, except the AI will instantly do what would take many minutes for a human.”

Google joins AI race

The new artificial intelligence technology has been a wake up call for Google. CEO Sundar Pichai reportedly declared a “code red”, steamrolling over the company’s existing plans to kickstart AI development, The New York Times reports.

Google is now targeting to release around 20 new products and “demonstrate a version of its search engine with chatbot features this year,” it said, quoting sources with knowledge of the plans.

One of these projects is “Apprentice Bard,” as per a CNBC report. Apprentice Bard is a chatbot that is able to provide responses to questions asked using natural language. It uses Google’s conversation technology called Language Model for Dialogue Applications (LaMDA). The model is similar to the GPT language model utilized by ChatGPT .

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OpenAI Launches ChatGPT Plus for $20 a Month

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OpenAI to Release a "Professional" Version of ChatGPT

OpenAI, the parent company of ChatGPT, has unveiled the premium version of its fastest-growing chatbot for $20 per month.

“We are piloting ChatGPT Plus, a subscription plan that offers faster response times and reliability during peak hours. And of course, the free tier of ChatGPT is still available,” OpenAI tweeted.

Also read: 30% of College Students Use ChatGPT

The new subscription plan, ChatGPTPlus, will cost $20 a month, and customers will be able to experience “faster response times” and “general access to ChatGPT, even during peak times,” as well as “priority access to new features and improvements,” OpenAI stated in its announcement.

OpenAI will send invitations to the service to those who have registered on its waitlist in the United States “over the coming week,” with plans to expand the rollout to other countries and regions in the near future.

Free access will continue

Meanwhile, free access to its chatbot will not be halted, as OpenAI “loves free users.”

“We love our free users and will continue to offer free access to ChatGPT. By offering this subscription pricing, we will be able to help support free access availability to as many people as possible,” mentioned in the statement.

ChatGPT has set the record for the fastest-growing user base with 100 million monthly users in the first month of 2023, according to Reuters. ChatGPT has reportedly gained an average of about 13 million unique visitors per day in January, more than double the levels of December.

Hence, with overwhelming support from the users, OpenAI did not take the risk of limiting its service to only paid users, which may force a downtrend in its growing number of users.

ChatGPT has become everyone’s best friend in preparing schoolwork and checking difficult and complex codes, from college students to computer programmers.

The continuity of free access is always good friend for job seekers too.

Half price from rumour

Just a week ago, it seemed like the pro version of this record-breaking AI chatbot would cost almost $42 per month.

Finally, the price has been revealed, and it looks like OpenAI tried to make it accessible for more people, including students and businesses.

OpenAI has even planned for the data pack to have more availability, as mentioned in the statement.

“We are actively exploring options for lower-cost plans, business plans, and data packs for more availability,” said OpenAI.

OpenAI has declared they’re learning from the research preview so that they “could learn more about the system’s strengths and weaknesses and gather user feedback.”

According to OpenAI, the system has received feedback from millions of people. As a result of this feedback, multiple significant updates have been implemented. The system has also been found to be useful for a variety of professional purposes, including content creation and editing, idea generation, programming support, in addition to acquiring new information.

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