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AI January 5, 2023

What Is a Prompter? Super Prompts Explained

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What Is a Prompter? Super Prompts Explained
Van Gogh prompting away at a local internet café.

Chatbots and AI-generative art have become hugely popular in a short space of time, but it can be tricky using prompts to get the very best results.

For the uninitiated, a prompt is an instruction or instructions that guide an AI to produce a desirable outcome. 

Some examples of AIs which work via prompts include chatbots such as ChatGPT and You.com as well as artwork generators including DALL-E, MidJourney, and Stable Diffusion.

A prompter can get the most interesting results from an AI (artificial intelligence) by creating the best prompts. Here MetaNews goes through some of the best tips and strategies to create super prompts.

Prompting Chatbots for best results

Chatbots are proving to be incredibly popular with the general public. The key to getting the most from them is prompting with specificity. 

Chatbots can write something from scratch for you, or help to improve something you’ve already written.

Writing from scratch

One of the most common requests for ChatGPT and related bots is to ask it to write something completely fresh from zero or from scratch.

An example of this type of prompt might be:

Write 600 words about fishing.

In this instance, the key clauses are 600 words [length] and fishing [topic].

You could therefore break this basic prompt down to its simplistic version as:

Write [length] about [topic].

A prompter could then replace the [length] and [topic] parameters to create content on any topic at any length.

You may however wish to write in a more specific style or for a more specific purpose.

Write a 600 word essay about fishing.

Write a 600 word [length] essay [document style] about fishing [topic].

Here replacing the word with essay with another document style such as an article or blog post or even poem can produce vastly varied results. 

A final qualifier might be to add “in the style of [style]” to the end of the prompt.

Write a [length] [document type] on [topic] in the style of [style]

The style modifier could be anything from a famous author such as Hunter S. Thompson to a pop icon such as David Bowie. Here we’ll ask the bot to write the essay in the style of a nature conservationist.

Write a 600 word essay on fishing in the style of a nature conservationist

Write a 600 word [length] essay [document type] on fishing [topic] in the style of a nature conservationist [style].

In some instances, dropping the [document type] clause can help the AI to write more clearly in a specified style. For instance, if you want the AI to write in the style of William Shakespeare, dropping the demand that the document is also an essay will assist the AI to more accurately write in blank verse.

The AI can write tweets for you

In a situation where considerable work has already been done, chatbots can also provide useful assistance.

For instance, the prompt Rephrase: can then be followed by a passage of previously written text. Simply paste in the text to be altered and the chatbot will then reword and rephrase the work for you.

Similarly, the prompt Summarize: can be used to shorten a long passage of text. This can be particularly useful for research projects when time is of the essence.

Another prompt that can be useful is repurpose.

For example:

Can you repurpose the following text into a few Tweets?

Add the text to be converted and almost instantaneously you should have a number of potential tweets.

Another potential prompt you might want to use is:

“Correct the spelling and grammar of the following text:”

Beware however, that the results aren’t always what you’ve requested.

Creating AI Image Prompts

To create a successful prompt for AI-generated art you typically require three elements.

The subject, the action, and the style

For instance:

Mickey Mouse [the subject] playing guitar [the action] in the style of Gustav Klimt [style]

Mickey Mouse

Mickey Mouse playing guitar in the style of Gustav Klimt (image created with Dreamstudio.ai)

With AI image generation one of the keys to unlocking the most interesting images is an expansive knowledge of art styles and artists. For people that are not particularly artistically knowledgeable this is a list of artists for experimentation:

  • Claude Monet
  • Pablo Picasso
  • Michelangelo
  • Leaonardo da Vinci
  • Johannes Vermeer
  • Gustav Klimt

And here is a list of art movements that could prove useful:

  • Art Nouveau
  • Conceptual Art
  • Dadaism
  • Expressionism 
  • Impressionism
  • Pop Art

Alternatively, terms such as “Anime,” “graffiti” or even “Photorealistic” can be used.

Midjourney prompting

Midjourney is one of the the most popular AI image generators and it has already spawned its own culture within prompting.

Image generation is done via a chatbot interface in channels where lots of users congregate to develop their images. Each prompt and its results are visible to everyone in the channel. Thanks to this fact it’s easy to copy other people’s successful prompts.

What Is a Prompter? Super Prompts Explained

The Midjourney interface.

This is a fast-pace environment with new AI-generated images flying past chat users in a high tempo.

There are actual cheat codes

Some users have discovered “cheat codes” that make the AI-generated pictures look more detailed, or more “advanced”. Some of these codes are actual cheat codes that make the engine use its latest code to develop your images, among them the addendum “– v 4”. Add that to the end of your prompt and Midjourney should do a better job than it does for plebs who haven’t learnt this yet.

Other “code” prompts include instructions like “depth-of-field”, “bokeh” or “editorial photography”. Also those suffixes can improve your promptings.

These cheat code prompts have grown to almost ridiculous sizes, as more intricate descriptions seem to produce the most interesting pictures. Here is an example of how an image prompt and its results can look today:

What Is a Prompter? Super Prompts Explained

“Robot sitting entering peotry into his computer in his library” – created with the prompt example below.

realistic render, Vray render, 8K, hyper realistic, high details, depth of field, canon photography, bokeh, vibrant glows, cinematic lighting, dark black empty background, no background Color Grading, Editorial Photography, Photography, Photoshoot, Shot on 70mm lense, Depth of Field, DOF, Tilt Blur, Shutter Speed 1/1000, F/22, White Balance, 32k, Super-Resolution, Megapixel, ProPhoto RGB, VR, Lonely, Good, Massive, Halfrear Lighting, Backlight, Natural Lighting, Incandescent, iridescent, Optical Fiber, Moody Lighting, Cinematic Lighting, Studio Lighting, Soft Lighting, Volumetric, Contre-Jour, Beautiful Lighting, Accent Lighting, Global Illumination, Screen Space Global Illumination, Ray Tracing Global Illumination, Optics, Scattering, Glowing, Shadows, Rough, Shimmering, Ray Tracing Reflections, Lumen Reflections, Screen Space Reflections, Diffraction Grading, Chromatic Aberration, GB Displacement, Scan Lines, Ray Traced, Ray Tracing Ambient Occlusion, Anti-Aliasing, FKAA, TXAA, RTX, SSAO, Shaders, OpenGL-Shaders, GLSL-Shaders, Post Processing, Post-Production, Tone Mapping, CGI, VFX, SFX, insanely detailed and intricate, photorealistic, photorealism, hyper realistic –v 4 –ar 3:2 –stylize 850

The above paragraph is no joke. This instruction set was copied from the flow of creations on Midjourney. Copy bits here and there from this long line of instructions and put them after your image description to see different sorts of results.

The prompt ends with a setting: stylize. This number can be set between 1 and 1000 and refers to how much the Midjourney algorithm should apply the style guide onto the picture. This can be used to gain some fine tuned control over the effect to see how much style to apply to the subject.

Iterative image generation

Midjourney by default creates four different versions from each prompt and offers two options for each: make variations or upscale. Both options are rather self-explanatory. You can go on making variations forever, and choosing the directions of your AI images developments is part of the new creative process.

The number of apps in the app stores that have integrated AI-assisted creation is increasing fast. In any case, it’s clear from the growing number of interactions at services like Midjourney, Stable Diffusion and Dreamstudio.ai that AI-assisted image generation is here to stay.

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Image credits: Shutterstock, CC images, Midjourney.

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ChatGPT Makes History With Fastest 100M Users as StackOverflow Stumbles

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ChatGPT Makes History With Fastest 100M Users as StackOverflow Stumbles

ChatGPT, the popular chatbot from OpenAI, is now the fastest growing Internet application in history with a record 100 million monthly active users in January, according to a new report by Swiss investment bank UBS.

This comes as web traffic at developer knowledge-sharing platform StackOverflow slumped 11.5% to 247 million since the launch of ChatGPT. OpenAI, a private company backed by Microsoft Corp., launched ChatGPT as a free web interface in late November.

Also read: OpenAI Develops Tool to Spot AI-Written Texts

The AI-powered chatbot became incredibly popular with users thanks to its ability to perform a variety of tasks within seconds. In the U.S. tech hub of Silicon Valley, the conversation tool has virtually sparked off an artificial intelligence (AI) ‘arms race.’

13M ChatGPT users per day

Citing data from analytics firm Similarweb, UBS said in its report that the number of people using ChatGPT averaged about 13 million per day in January – double the number recorded in December. These are all distinct individuals, or unique users, it stated.

“In 20 years following the internet space, we cannot recall a faster ramp in a consumer internet app,” UBS analysts noted, according to Reuters.

By comparison, TikTok took about nine months after its global launch to get to 100 million users and Meta’s Instagram two and half years.

ChatGPT is a large language model developed by OpenAI. It has been trained on a diverse range of internet text to generate human-like responses to user prompts. The tool is based on OpenAI’s GPT-3.5 language technology, an upgrade of the GPT-3 model released in 2020.

The chatbot was trained with a lot of data, from books and articles to conversations. It can understand a variety of topics and contexts, and can be fine-tuned for multiple language tasks such as question answering, language translation, and text summarization.

ChatGPT accumulated more than one million users within its first week. The bot has transformed several industries since it was released just over two months ago. It can write complex essays, poetry, code and even pass MBA exams at the Wharton School of Business.

While ChatGPT is popular with some, others are concerned about the impact it will have on education and other industries. Gmail creator Paul Buchheit said recently ChatGPT-like tech will destroy Google’s $149 billion search engine business and dominance in two years.

StackOverflow traffic declines

Meanwhile, the rise of ChatGPT has started to affect rival StackOverflow, the Naspers-owned question and answer website for professional and enthusiast programmers.

According to Similarweb, the number of people visiting the StackOverflow website fell 11.5% just weeks after the launch of ChatGPT. On average, users dropped from almost 279 million in November 2022 to 247.4 million by the end of December 2022.

StackOverflow dropped 30 positions in the “Programming and Developer Software” websites category, falling from the 202nd position in October 2022 to 229th by the end of December 2022. It is the company’s lowest ranking in that category since October 2019, the data says.

The website serves as a platform for users to ask and answer questions, and, through membership and active participation, to vote questions and answers up or down similar to Reddit. They can also edit questions and answers in a fashion similar to a Wiki.

In December, StackOverflow banned the use of answers generated using ChatGPT, citing concerns about the accuracy of such responses.

“…because the average rate of getting correct answers from ChatGPT is too low, the posting of answers created by ChatGPT is substantially harmful to the site and to users who are asking or looking for correct answers,” the company said in a statement.

As MetaNews previously reported, the computational resources required to run ChatGPT over large scales are very costly. OpenAI has now launched a paid subscription service known as ChatGPT Plus for $20 per month, hoping that will help to cover costs.

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Microsoft Warns Employees Not to Share Sensitive Data with ChatGPT

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Microsoft Warns Employees Not to Share Sensitive Data with ChatGPT

Microsoft has warned its employees not to share sensitive data with an artificially intelligent (AI) chatbot, ChatGPT from OpenAI. Employees of American multinational tech giants had asked in an internal forum whether ChatGPT or any other AI tools from OpenAI were appropriate to use at their work, Business Insider reported.

Also read: 30% of College Students Use ChatGPT

In response to that inquiry, a senior engineer from Microsoft’s CTO office allowed to use ChatGPT but couldn’t share confidential information with the AI chatbot.

“Please don’t send sensitive data to an OpenAI endpoint, as they may use it for training future models,” the senior engineer wrote in an internal post, per Insider.

ChatGPT, here only for two months, is already raising concerns in the academic sector. Microsoft has become a partner of OpenAI, the parent company of ChatGPT, and has confirmed an investment of ten billion dollars.

Microsoft is planning to integrate OpenAI’s technology into its products, including the Bing search engine and other software, to enhance their capabilities, as reported previously.

The major concern of Microsoft regarding “sensitive information” may include sharing internal software code and seeking checks and advice from the chatbot.

Amazon’s Same Concern

ChatGPT has continuously made headlines since its launch last November but has also faced bans, especially in the academic sector as it became the cheating partner for students’ schoolwork. Recently, the tech giants have also raised their concerns over its use.

Amazon warned its employees to beware of ChatGPT last week, as reported by Insider. Insider claims that an Amazon lawyer has urged employees not to share code with ChatGPT via an internal communication form.

“This is important because your inputs may be used as training data for a further iteration of ChatGPT, and we wouldn’t want its output to include or resemble our confidential information (and I’ve already seen instances where its output closely matches existing material),” the lawyer wrote.

The lawyer placed more emphasis on requesting that employees not share “any Amazon confidential information” (including Amazon code they are working on) with ChatGPT via Slack.

Personal Data Concern

As concerns about data privacy grow among large corporations, an OpenAI representative has directed questions about the company’s data and privacy policy to ChatGPT’s FAQ page. The terms of service of OpenAI grant the company the right to use all input and output generated by ChatGPT users, with the stipulation that personally identifiable information (PII) is removed from the used data.

However, it’s quite impossible for OpenAI to identify and remove all the personal information from the data provided to ChatGPT, says Emily Bender, who teaches computational linguistics at the University of Washington.

“OpenAI is far from transparent about how they use the data, but if it’s being folded into training data, I would expect corporations to wonder: After a few months of widespread use of ChatGPT, will it become possible to extract private corporate information with cleverly crafted prompts?” said Bender.

Vincent Conitzer, a computer science professor and director of an AI lab at Carnegie Mellon University, said, “All of us together are going to have to figure out what should be expected of everyone in these situations. Is the responsibility on employees to not share sensitive information, or is the responsibility on OpenAI to use information carefully, or some combination?”

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Gmail Creator Says AI Will Replace Search Engines Like Google in 2 Years

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Gmail Creator Says AI Will Replace Search Engines Like Google in 2 Years

Paul Buchheit, the creator of Gmail, said artificial intelligence (AI) will replace search engines such as Google in two years.

“My prediction is that AI (not necessarily ChatGPT) will replace search, maybe within the next two years (current AI not yet good enough),” Buchheit tweeted on Feb. 1.

Google facing ‘total disruption’

The software engineer said this as a form of clarification on an earlier statement he made regarding ChatGPT, the widely popular OpenAI bot. He believes that his comments were taken out of context and “sensationalized” by the media.

Also read: AI Could Kill Everyone, Researchers Warn MPs

However, the argument remains fundamentally the same in that Paul Buchheit’s prediction will still impact his former employer. Google is already reacting to the threat with plans to release 20 new AI related products to improve search this year, according to reports.

In his original comments from early December, Buchheit stated: “Google may be only a year or two away from total disruption. AI will eliminate the search engine result page, which is where they make most of their money,” he wrote on Twitter.

“Even if they catch up on AI, they can’t fully deploy it without destroying the most valuable part of their business.”

Google gets much of its revenue from search through online advertisements. The tech giant, which dominates the search business, charges advertisers a fee for ad placements that sit next to the search results. This improves the chances of ads being seen by consumers.

In 2021, Google reported revenues rose 41% to $258 billion from a year ago, its biggest to date. Ads made up 81% of total revenues that year. However, Google is grappling with a slowdown in online ad spending amid mounting antitrust lawsuits.

According to market research firm Insider Intelligence, the company’s share of total online advertising income in the U.S. fell from 37% in 2016 to 29% in 2022. Alphabet-owned Google controls up to 90% of the search business’ total market share.

Killing Web search ChatGPT way

Culture is now a sanctuary in this posthuman future. But the upcoming dominance of AI in search has even the most cultured corporate organizations in panic, and none more so than Google. OpenAI’s buzzy chatbot ChatGPT has been all the rage since its launch in November.

It can write complex essays, poetry, code and even pass MBA exams at the Wharton School of Business. OpenAI has also received a reported $10 billion cash boost from Microsoft, which is looking to add the chatbot’s abilities into its own search engine.

ChatGPT is shaking things up. It has spawned an AI arms race of sorts in Sillicon Valley. As Paul Buchheit said, tech like AI can remove the need for search engine result pages. He elaborates on how search businesses like Google could become useless, in exactly the same way that the company “killed” pre-internet business The Yellow Pages.

“The way I imagine this happening is that the URL/Search bar of the browser gets replaced with AI that autocompletes my thought/question as I type it while also providing the best answer (which may be a link to a website or product),” he explained.

“The old search engine backend will be used by the AI to gather relevant information and links, which will then be summarized for the user. It’s like asking a professional human researcher to do the work, except the AI will instantly do what would take many minutes for a human.”

Google joins AI race

The new artificial intelligence technology has been a wake up call for Google. CEO Sundar Pichai reportedly declared a “code red”, steamrolling over the company’s existing plans to kickstart AI development, The New York Times reports.

Google is now targeting to release around 20 new products and “demonstrate a version of its search engine with chatbot features this year,” it said, quoting sources with knowledge of the plans.

One of these projects is “Apprentice Bard,” as per a CNBC report. Apprentice Bard is a chatbot that is able to provide responses to questions asked using natural language. It uses Google’s conversation technology called Language Model for Dialogue Applications (LaMDA). The model is similar to the GPT language model utilized by ChatGPT .

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